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5 Click And Collect Data Points Every Online Retailer Should Be Measuring

By Doddle

By Tim Robinson - CEO at Doddle

Click and collect in store is often an operational area shrouded in mystery. It’s often not clear who is responsible as it touches ecommerce, logistics and the physical retail operations; who should own click and collect data and how can it help grow sales? 

We’ve found ourselves asking retailers this question many times over and the answer is different for every one of them. The one thing that is becoming apparent is that click and collect impacts sales in a positive way, so making it a department in its own right may not be as silly as it first sounds. 

Related Read: 4 Christmas Click And Collect Questions Answered For You

As a fulfilment option, click and collect is unique in the way that it can increase footfall, generate additional purchases, reduce fulfilment costs and eliminate failed deliveries. But only if you get it right. The fact that 32% of consumers experienced an issue with a click and collect order this Christmas suggests there is significant room for improvement. Especially considering that 73% of those consumers would switch retailers following a poor click and collect experience.

Tracking click and collect (or not)

Doddle worked with Practicology to survey 20 retailers in late 2016 on their current click and collect operations and found that the vast majority of retailers don’t track any real click and collect KPIs. The reasons for this are partly because of the vagaries around click and collect ownership, but also because a lot of the systems used are still very manual, without the sophistication to give visibility of these metrics. 

Two of the key findings from the survey were:

  1. The operational costs to service click and collect are tacitly acknowledged by some retailers but are not currently subject to any degree of scrutiny. 
  2. None of the retailers interviewed measured their click and collect performance in any way, outside of knowing the percentage of total online sales / orders and non-collected orders. 

Avoiding these click and collect pitfalls requires a thorough audit of existing click and collect operations and monitoring of customer data. So what are the click and collect data points and how do they contribute to the bottom line? 

1. Buying behaviour of a click and collect customer vs other channels

Do you know what the average click and collect customer looks like? What’s their profile? What’s their average basket size? How frequently do they purchase? 

Segmenting customer behaviour by fulfilment channel is important to understand the value of your click and collect customers and whether there is an opportunity to increase their lifetime value through other improvements to the service.

It also provides a marker for ROI on any investment made in click and collect, an essential component for justifying service improvements or technology investment.

2. Incremental spend

Are you tracking the incremental purchasing behavior of a click and collect customer? How robust is this measurement? Is it linked to card details? Or a loyalty scheme?

For a lot of retailers incremental spend in store is the golden egg used to justify offering in-store click and collect. It’s common to see retailers manipulate delivery charges in order to incentivise in-store click and collect over third party collection points, and rely on the incremental spend argument as justification.

But if you consider that collection at a third party PUDO location might be more convenient than coming into store, then retailers could be punishing customers based on a metric that they struggle to measure accurately.  

3. Post purchase behaviour 

Do your click and collect customers go on to purchase again? If not, what was the in-store click and collect experience like? What happens after a customer collects a parcel from your store? Do they become repeat users? Or do they drop off? If your click and collect doesn’t have a great level of repeat usage then what was the experience that caused this?

Just as you would pay close attention to the experience of the online checkout, the click and collect experience can also exhibit cracks that dissatisfied customers can slip through. 

4. Experience 

The in-store customer click and collect experience shouldn’t be something that is only looked at when other data points start to tell a sorry story. Monitoring the in-store experience is also essential to managing costs such as staff FTE requirements.

The key areas to be monitoring are: how long do your customers have to queue to collect their parcels? How long is it taking store teams to retrieve a customer’s order? How long is it taking to hand over the parcel to the customer? How long does it take staff to receive and store customer orders?

Finally, are you asking customers to rate their experience to enable you to gather a continuous feed of information on how your customers are using and responding to the service? 

5. Cost to deliver click and collect

If you’re not tracking the above data points, you may not know what the actual cost of click and collect is to your business. In many cases, investment may be needed to achieve the level of efficiency required to make in-store click and collect viable, but in others this investment may be cost prohibitive.

If this is the case, it could be preferable for retailers to offer customers the convenience of click and collect but harness the economies of scale offered through third party PUDOs, thereby freeing up store teams to better serve offline customers in store. 

So who should own click and collect data? Every retailer will have a different structure and there’s no right or wrong way. The easiest way to collate this information is with a single view of the customer, however for the majority of retailers, this doesn’t exist. The more fragmented the departments and siloed the customer data, the harder it becomes to manage and monitor.

One thing is for certain though, as the volume of click and collect continues to grow, retailers of all shapes and sizes will face mounting pressure to prove the return on investment and efficiency of their operations. If no-one is accountable for click and collect, or its data, this justification will be difficult to come by. 

By measuring the above data points, retailers can: 

  • Identify the lifetime value of click and collect customers 
  • Assess whether the click and collect strategy is giving customers want they want 
  • Measure revenue upside against cost to offer in-store click and collect
  • Flag black holes in the customer journey that might be negatively impacting sales and repeat purchase
  • Deliver increased operational efficiency by improving service design, reducing time and number of employees needed to serve click and collect customers 
  • Improve the customer experience to build loyalty and trust
  • Identify areas for reducing fulfilment costs and increase efficiency of delivery methods 

If we can offer anything from what we’ve learnt in the last two years building our own in-store click and collect experience and studying retailer offerings, it would be that click and collect requires investment, but it’s not without significant upside.

A relatively modest investment in systems and processes is quickly recouped through a reduction in manpower hours required to deliver the service, not to mention a reduction in the prime retail space required to offer click and collect. 

Retailers who offer in-store click and collect face a critical decision in 2017:

  • Continue to operate click and collect without appropriate investment and focus, the outcome of which is likely to be climbing costs to fulfil coupled with dissatisfied customers
  • Outsource the click and collect experience to better manage costs, buy-in expertise and allow store teams to focus on their core responsibilities
  • Invest in in-store click and collect technology and operations, manage costs and increase understanding of the performance of click and collect as a fulfilment channel and revenue stream

Click and collect is a new sales channel for retailers. It might seem alien to those grappling with how to manage it now, but putting it under the spotlight will drive better customer experiences and in turn greater sales in the not-too-distant future.